Cotton is a natural fibre that comes from the seedpod of the cotton plant and is used to make many fabric types at every price point. The fibre is hollow in the centre and, under the microscope, resembles a twisted ribbon.



Cotton is grown in most of the tropical countries in the world. Commercial cotton production is concentrated in main production areas which are China, USA, CIS, South Eastern Asia, East Africa, West Africa and Brazil.

We operate in West Africa & East Africa production areas correspondingly in

Burkina Faso

Ivory Coast






Cotton is an annual field crop that is grown in a wide variety of regions. The largest areas of production are China, USA, CIS, West Africa and Brazil. Cotton, as a plant, generally requires large amounts of sunshine, but is prone to insect infestations and damage. Substantial inputs are required to produce the crop, making it one of the most capital intensive field crops.


Cotton is harvested either by hand or machine. Countries like China, India and those in West Africa still rely heavily on hand picking. Other countries like the United States and Australia are mostly machine harvested. The two methods of machine harvesting are spindle or stripper.



Ginning, in its strictest sense, is the process of separating cotton fibers from the seeds.Today’s modern cotton gin is required to do much more. To convert hand or mechanically harvested cotton into a marketable product, gins have to dry and clean (remove plant parts and field trash) from the seed cotton, separate the fiber from the seed, further clean the fibers and place the fiber into an acceptable package, while preserving the quality of the fiber.


Cotton classification, or classing, is the process of describing the quality of cotton in terms of grade, staple length and micronaire. In the past, this classing has been done with the hand and the eye. Micronaire determinations are performed with an airflow measurement which indicates fiber fineness.



After ginning, cotton is generally shipped to a warehouse/gin yard and sampled to establish its fiber characteristics. Cotton can be maintained in-store for extended periods, usually without suffering any deterioration.


Proper handling of cotton is vitally important. As a natural fiber, cotton requires strict handling and logistics procedures to ensure that fibers are not damaged or contaminated. Contamination from non-cotton fibers major a problem for mills as it affects their processing and dyeing requirements.


Textile Mill

Bales of cotton are purchased by spinning mills who blend various qualities of cotton and then spin the cotton fiber into cotton yarn. The yarn is then knitted or woven into fabrics which are then cut and sewn into finished goods. The process from yarn to finished goods can be in one integrated fabric mill or in many different mills that each perform different steps in the fabrication process.

Fabric / Cloth

Cotton is a very soft, cool and comfortable fabric which is why it is particularly suited to underwear and garments worn close to the skin. The ends of cotton fibers are spun very tightly into the yarn so that the fabric doesn’t irritate skin or cause static electricity. Its versatility is what makes it the most popular clothing fiber across the world.


Cocoa beans, or cacao beans, come from the Theobroma cacao tree. The cacao beans, which are technically seeds, grow inside pods surrounded by a white fleshy pulp known as Baba.


The cashew nut is the seed nestled inside a shell that grows on the fruit of the cashew tree. The nut has to be removed and roasted the nut in the shell before it can be eaten.